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2005年12月统考大学英语B正式试题(87552Bytes)

试点高校网络教育部分公共基础课全国统一考试
大学英语B试卷
来源:全国高校网络教育考试委员会办公室
2005年12月
 
注  意  事  项
一、将你的考号、姓名填写在答题纸的规定栏内。考试结束后,把试卷和答题纸放在桌上。试卷和答题纸均不得带出考场。
二、仔细读懂题目的说明,并按题目要求答题。答案一定要写在答题纸的指定位置上,写在试卷上的答案无效。
三、用蓝、黑圆珠笔或钢笔答题,使用铅笔答题无效。
四、第一至第四部分的答案在答题纸上相应的字母上划横线。
 
 
Part I  Listening Comprehension  (20 points)
Section A
Directions: In this section you will hear ten short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken twice. After each conversation, there will be a pause. During the pause, you should read the four choices marked A, B, C and D, and decide on the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
1. A. At home.                      B. At school.
C. In a restaurant.                   D. In the office.
2. A. Spain.            B. Greece.      C. Switzerland.     D. Italy.
3. A. 3.                B. 6.               C. 9.                   D. 12.
4. A. He misses the lecture.
B. He shares the woman’s opinion.
C. He disagrees with the woman.
D. He was not interested in the lecture.
5. A. Chocolate cake.               B. Ice-cream.
C. Nothing.                           D. Candy.
6. A. Her ring.                         B. Her suitcase.   
C. Her key.                           D. Her passport.
7. A. Find out the information by himself.
B. Wait while she gets the information.
C. Call back later.
D. Go to the museum directly.
8. A. The walk will last for the whole day.
B. The weather is not very pleasant.
C. She is not interested in walking.
D. She would like to come along.
9. A. A letter.         B. A postcard.      C. A complaint.     D. A present.
10. A. The bus will probably arrive at 8:50.
B. The bus has broken down.
C. The snowstorm stopped all traffic.
D. The bus driver had an accident.
 
Section B
Directions: In this section you will hear a conversation. The conversation will be spoken twice. There are five questions about the conversation. For each question there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Decide on the best answer and then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
11. When will Mary be leaving for vacation?
A. In fourteen days.                B. In two week’s time.
C. On June 4th.                      D. On June 14th.
12. Why does Mary prefer the beach?
A. Because she has never been to the beach.
B. Because she hasn’t made any hotel reservations.
C. Because it is cooler there in June.
D. Because she wants to relax there.
13. Where is Mary going to stay while she is on vacation?
A. In her own car.                   B. In a small hotel near the beach.
C. With her friends.                D. In a tent borrowed from her friends.
14. Where is Bill going to have his vacation?
A. At the beach, too.                B. At home.
C. He has not thought about it yet.     D. He is not going to have it.
15. Why does Bill say that Marry is lucky?
A. Because Mary is going to have a long vacation.
B. Because Mary has chosen a nice place for the vacation.
C. Because the weather in the beach area is good for vacation.
D. Because Mary can find a place to stay at the beach in June.
 
Section C
Directions: In this section you will hear a passage. The passage will be read twice. There are five questions about the passage. For each question there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Decide on the best answer and then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
16. Which of the following groups of people can join the library?
A. All teachers.                     B. High school students.
C. University students.             D. Army officers.
17. Why can’t the library issue library cards to everyone who applied?
A. Because it takes too long to process all the applications.
B. Because its resources are limited.
C. Because there are not enough staff members.
D. Because it is a library for special purposes.
18. What would the library do if a reader fails to return the video on time?
A. Ask him to apply again.          B. Cancel his video card.
C. Not approve his application.     D. Not allow him to borrow any items.
19. How many items can be borrowed at one time?
A. 1.            B. 2.           C. 3.           D. 4.
20. For how long can a reader keep a book before he returns it?
A. 1 month.     B. 2 months.        C. 1 week.      D. 2 weeks.
 
Part II  Use of English  (10 points)
Directions: In this part there are 10 incomplete dialogues. For each dialogue there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the dialogue. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
21. — I''m afraid I''ve got a terrible flu.
— ____________________________.
A. Never mind                     B. Keep away from me
C. Better go and see a doctor         D. You need be more careful
22. —It’s cold in here. Do you mind if I close the door?
— ____________________________.
A. With pleasure   B. Yes, please     C. Of course not     D. Thank you
23. — I’m going to America for a holiday next week.
— ____________________________!
A. Goodbye                        B. Wish you success
C. For sure                       D. That’s great
24. — What a beautiful dress you’re wearing!
— ____________________________.
A. No, thanks         B. Thank you        C. Yes, it is       D. Sorry, it isn’t
25. — Would you like a cup of coffee?
— ____________________________.
A. It’s very kind of you                 B. No, I wouldn’t
C. Yes, please                        D. Here you are
26. — Can I help you with your luggage?
— ____________________________.
A. Thank you. I can manage it myself
B. No way. I can do it myself
C. No, I don’t need your help
D. You do your things, please
27. — This is the worst film ever produced. Do you think so?
— ____________________________.
A. You’re wrong                  B. I don’t think so, I’m afraid 
C. Not at all                     D. No, that’s not real
28. — Can I borrow your camera for a week?
— ____________________________.
A. Sure, here you are                 B. Yes, you can borrow
C. Yes, bring it with you                 D. It doesn’t matter
29. — Sorry, I have kept you waiting.
— ____________________________.
A. That’s all right                  B. I don’t care
C. I’m sad                           D. No, not at all
30. — When your classmate can’t follow you, what will he say to you?
— He will say, “____________________________”
A. Can you say for a second time?     B. Pardon?
C. I don’t understand anything.          D. What you said was nonsense.
 
Part III  Reading Comprehension  (30 points)
Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by five questions. For each question there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
Passage 1
Why was Bastille important to the citizens of Paris? The building of the Bastille had been started in 1370 under Charles V. By the seventeenth century it had stopped to be important for defense. Cardinal Richelieu turned it into a prison. It was not an ordinary prison to punish common crimes. Its huge doors closed only on enemies of the King. The Bastille’s workings were secret. Prisoners were taken to it in closed vehicles. Soldiers on guard duty had to stand with their faces to the wall. No talking was allowed. Worst of all, a prisoner never knew if he would be there a day, a week, a year, or forever. Only the King’s letter could set him free.
Over the years the number of arrests by King’s letter had become fewer. By the time of its fall, most of the prisoners were writers who had written against the corruptions (贪污腐败) of the government. Voltaire, the famous French writer, spent a year there in 1717-1718, and another 12 days in 1726.
For those who believed in free speech and free thinking, the Bastille stood for everything evil. The day it was captured, only seven prisoners were found inside. Still, the Bastille was hated by the people. It was a symbol of the King’s complete power.
 
31. The Bastille became a prison ___________.
A. since the time of Charles V
B. since 1370
C. in the seventeenth century
D. since the time of Cardinal Richelieu
32. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true?
A. Anyone who did something wrong could find himself suddenly in the Bastille.
B. The Bastille was only for those who were opposed to the King.
C. Things done in the Bastille were hardly known to people outside.
D. Voltaire was twice put in the Bastille.
33. At the time of its fall, the Bastille housed _____________.
A. a large number of prisoners
B. a lot of writers who had been against the government
C. some dozens of people who believed in free speech and free thinking
D. only a few prisoners
34. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?
A. All prisoners in the Bastille had to stay there for life.
B. Over the years the number of prisoners in the Bastille was getting bigger and bigger.
C. The King could put people in or let them out of the Bastille as he wanted.
D. At the time it was captured, there were so few prisoners in it that it meant little to the people.
35. This passage mainly ________________.
A. tells how the prisoners were controlled by the King
B. tells how little was known about the Bastille
C. shows the inner workings of the Bastille
D. gives a brief history of the Bastille
 
Passage 2
The resources of the library can be helpful even when we are doing something very informal, such as trying to devise (设计) a better way to measure attitudes toward music or looking for a better way to teach mathematics. The library can be equally helpful when we are doing something very formal, such as writing a dissertation (学位论文) or preparing an article for publication in a professional journal. In either case, our goal should be to use the library as a useful tool to help us understand and solve our problem.
The following sections of this chapter will describe specific resources available in many libraries. In some cases you may already be aware of a resource and may use it frequently and successfully. In other cases you may be completely unfamiliar with a resource. Your goal should be to become aware of what is available and to know how to use each of these resources to help you solve the problem they are designed to solve.
When educators have a piece of information that they want to share with their colleagues, they often make this information available in professional journals or at professional meetings. It would often be useful to have access to such information, and this chapter will describe the special services that enable us to locate such information.
 
36. The library resources can be helpful when we ______________.
A. want to find a better way to measure attitudes toward music
B. are preparing a paper for a professional journal
C. are writing a dissertation
D. All of the above
 
37. The familiarity of readers with different resources ____________.
A. is more or less the same
B. varies slightly
C. differs greatly
D. should not be different
38. The author believes that _______________.
A. library resources should be used frequently and completely
B. library resources cannot be made good use of if they are not available to us
C. one is supposed to be aware of the library resources that are usually not available
D. one is supposed to have good knowledge and make good use of resources
39. When educators wish to share some information with their colleagues, they often __________.
A. publish it in a professional journal
B. get it from professional meetings
C. get access to it in the library
D. make use of some library services
40. The chapter where this passage is taken ______________.
A. mainly deals with the ways of dissertation writing
B. presents information on publishing papers in professional journals
C. introduces some library services
D. describes some professional meetings
 
Passage 3
    What will man be like in the future — in 5,000 or even 50,000 years from now? We can only make guesses, of course, but we can be sure that he will be different from what he is today, for man is slowly changing all the time.
    Let us take an obvious example. Man, even five hundred years ago, was shorter than he is today. Now, on average, men are about three inches taller. Five hundred years is a relatively short period of time, so we may assume that man will continue to grow taller. Again in the modern world we use our brains a great deal. Even so, we still make use of only about 20% of the brain’s capacity (容量). As time goes on, however, we shall have to use our brains more and more, and eventually we shall need larger ones! This is likely to bring about a physical change too: the head, in particular the forehead, will grow larger.
    Nowadays our eyes are in constant use. In fact, we use them so much that very often they become weaker and we have to wear glasses. But over a very long period of time it is likely that man’s eyes will grow stronger.
    On the other hand, we tend to make less use of our arms and legs. These, as a result, are likely to grow weaker. At the same time, however, our fingers will grow more sensitive because they are used a great deal in modern life.
    But what about hair? This will probably disappear from the body altogether in course of time because it does not serve a useful purpose any longer. In the future, then, both sexes are likely to be bald.
    Perhaps all this gives the impression that future man will not be a very attractive creature to look at! This may well be true. All the same, in spite of all these changes, future man will still have a lot in common with us. He will still be a human being, with thoughts and emotions similar to our own.
 
41. The size of man’s forehead will probably grow bigger because _______.
A. he will use his brain more and more as time goes on
B. he makes use only 20% of the brain’s capacity
C. his brain has grown larger over the past centuries
D. the other 80% of his brain will grow in due time 
42. What serves as the evidence that man is changing?
A. Man has got stronger eyes now than he ever had.
B. Man has been growing taller over the past 500 years.
C. Man’s hair is getting thinner and thinner.
D. Man’s arms and legs have become lighter and weaker.
43. What will be true about a human being in the future?
A. He will be hairless because hair is no longer useful.
B. He will have smaller eyes and will wear better glasses.
C. His fingers will grow weaker because he won’t have to make use of them.
D. He will think and feel in a different way.
44. It is implied that __________________.
A. human beings will become more attractive in the future
B. body organs will become poorer if they are not used often
C. human beings hope for a change in the future life
D. future life is always predictable
45. The passage mainly tells us that _______________.
A. man’s life will be different in the future
B. man is growing taller and uglier as time passes
C. future man will look quite different from us
D. human beings’ organs will function weaker
 
Part IV  Vocabulary and Structure  (25 points)
 
Section A
Directions: In this section there are 15 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
46. He studied hard in his youth, _________ contributed to his great success in later life.
A. that         B. it           C. what             D. which
47. He’s determined to finish the job __________long it takes.
A. no matter        B. however      C. wherever         D. whatever
48. She''s the only child in her family, but they didn''t really _______ her.
A. hurt         B. damage       C. spoil                D. harm
49. For a successful business, friendly and _______ staff are essential.
A. sufficient       B. effective        C. efficient            D. respective
50. Strict _____________ measures have been taken during the President''s visit.
A. secure           B. security     C. safe             D. save
51. I don’t know why she avoids _______ her opinion on the subject.
A. to give          B. to be given      C. giving               D. being given
52. The police are________ the two missing children.
A. looking out      B. looking after    C. looking for          D. looking on
53. I do not intend to follow that, because we shall have an opportunity to do so on another ______.
A. occasion     B. situation        C. condition            D. environment
54. The difference between an African elephant and an Asian one is that the former has
   _________ ears.
A. larger           B. the large        C. more larger          D. the largest
55. These two areas are similar _______ they both have a high rainfall during this season.
A. that         B. besides      C. because          D. except
56. We are interested in the weather because it ______ us so directly — what we wear, what we do, and even how we feel.
A. benefits     B. affects          C. guides               D. effects
57. A suitcase with a shirt, trousers and shoes _______ stolen from the car.
A. have been        B. has          C. was              D. are
58. The furniture in his room is quite different _______ in yours.
A. from those   B. from that        C. from that one        D. from those ones
59. The government official explained that there’s no point _______ about the cultural gap in that city.   
A. to worry   B. with them worrying   C. in worrying         D. worry
60. If he _______such a good chance, he would have planned to learn more.
A. was giving   B. had given      C. had been given      D. was to give
 
Section B 
Directions: There are 10 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the ONE answer that best completes the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
What do we mean by a perfect English pronunciation? In one sense there are as many different kinds of English as there are speakers of it.    61    two speakers speak in exactly the same way. We can always hear differences    62    them, and the pronunciation of English shifts a great deal in different geographical   63   . How do we decide what sort of English to use as a model? This is not a question that can be    64    in the same way for all foreign learners of English.
  65  you live in a part of the world like India or West Africa, where there is a long    66  of speaking English for general communication purpose, you should tend to acquire a good   67    of the pronunciation of this area. On the other hand, if you live in a country    ‌‌ 68   there is no traditional use of English, you must take as your model some form of native English pronunciation. It does not    69    very much which form you choose. The most effective way is to take as your model the sort of English you can    70    most often.
 
61. A. No                B. None            C. Not              D. Nor
62. A. between            B. of                 C. among                 D. from
63. A. areas         B. countries           C. parts           D. spaces
64. A. given          B. satisfied         C. responded            D. answered
65. A. Because           B. If                   C. When            D. Whether
66. A. custom             B. tradition         C. use              D. habit
67. A. variety           B. practice        C. fashion           D. method
68. A. where          B. that               C. which                D. what
69. A. care          B. trouble              C. affect                D. matter
70. A. listen             B. notice             C. hear             D. find
 
Part Ⅴ  Writing (15 points)
Directions: For this apart, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a letter to one of your friends who invited you to his/her birthday party. You should write at least 80 words, and base your letter on the Chinese outline below:
 
1. 告诉对方你不能接受他/她的邀请;
2. 对对方的邀请表示感谢;
3. 说明无法接受邀请的原因。
 
 
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