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2005年5月统考大学英语B正式试题(96256Bytes)

试点高校网络教育部分公共基础课全国统一考试
大学英语(B)试卷
来源:全国高校网络教育考试委员会办公室
2005年5月
 
注  意  事  项
一、将你的考号、姓名填写在答题纸的规定栏内。考试结束后,把试卷和答题纸放在桌上。试卷和答题纸均不得带出考场。
二、仔细读懂题目的说明,并按题目要求答题。答案一定要写在答题纸的指定位置上,写在试卷上的答案无效。
三、用蓝、黑圆珠笔或钢笔答题,使用铅笔答题无效。
四、第一至第四部分的答案在答题纸上相应的字母上划横线。
 
 
Part I Listening Comprehension (20 points)
 
Section A
Directions: In this section you will hear ten short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken twice. After each conversation, there will be a pause. During the pause, you should read the four choices marked A, B, C and D, and decide on the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
1. A. Go to New York.              B. Go to the station. 
C. Visit her mother.                    D. Visit her sister.
2. A. About 12 o’clock.          B. About 2 p.m.
C. Late in the evening               D. Early next morning.
3. A. The man has it.                 B. The woman has it.
C. It’s in the waste paper basket .        D. It’s on a desk.
4. A. A complaint.      B. A letter.      C. A present.      D. A receipt. 
5. A. To the bank.                  B. To the shop.
C. To the nursery.                D. To the library.
6. A. China            B. Hong Kong  C. America       D. Canada  
7. A. Run out.                        B. Call for a doctor.
C. Buy something.                  D. Go back.
8. A. Her pen.                        B. Her suitcase.
C. Her passport.                   D. Her hotel key.
9. A. 7:30           B. 7:40         C. 7:50           D. 8:00
10. A. Husband and wife.                B. Father and daughter.     
C. Doctor and patient.                D. Teacher and student.
 
Section B
Directions: In this section you will hear a conversation. The conversation will be spoken twice. There are five questions about the conversation. For each question there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Decide on the best answer and then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
11.Whom did the man and woman ask for help?  
  A. A passenger.                     B.A police.
C. A waitress.                          D. A driver.
12.When did the conversation take place?   
   A. In the afternoon.                    B. At night.
C. In the evening.                     D. In the morning.
13.What were the man and woman looking for?  
A. A modern hotel.                      B. An expensive hotel
C. A comfortable hotel.                 D. A motel.
14.How long would it take the man and woman to get to the motel by a car?
A. About five minutes.                 B. About six minutes.
C. About five or six minutes.              D. About ten minutes.
15.Where did the conversation most likely take place?    
A. In a street.                         B. In a restaurant.
C. Near a hotel.                       D. In a meeting room.
 
Section C
Directions: In this section you will hear a passage. The passage will be read twice. There are five questions about the passage. For each question there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Decide on the best answer and then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
16. What should you bring along in case you run out of ink? 
A. Two or three pens.
B. Four pencils.
C. Two or three pencils.
D. Two or three ball pens.
17. What will be the format of the exam?  
A. There will be only multiple-choice questions.
B. The exam will have an oral and a written section.
C. The exam will contain both multiple-choice and essay questions.
D. There will be only essay questions.
18. Why does the teacher say the exam is comprehensive? 
A. It will be easy to understand.
B. The students will be tested on all the materials taught in class.
C. It will cover topics from a wide variety of academic fields.
D. The students must complete all parts of it.
19. What are you advised to review?            
A. The textbook and class notes.
B. Midterms as well as the textbook.
C. The midterms and class notes.
D. Midterms as well as the textbook and your class notes.
20. What percentage will the final account for in the course? 
A. 30%.            B. 40%.             C. 50%.           D. 20%.
 
Part II  Use of English  (10 points)
Directions: In this part there are 10 incomplete dialogues. For each dialogue there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the dialogue. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
21. — Hello, may I talk to the headmaster now?
— ______________.
A. Sorry, he is busy at the moment            B. No, you can’t
C. Sorry, you can’t                      D. I don’t know
22. — Do you think I could borrow your dictionary?
— __________________.
A. Yes, you may borrow                    B. Yes, go on   
C. Yes, help yourself                     D. It doesn’t matter
23. — What can I do for you, madam?
— __________________.
A. I want a kilo of apples
B. You can go your own way
C. Thanks
D. Excuse me. I’m busy
24. — Do you mind telling me where you’re from?
— __________________.
A. Certainly. I’m from London
B. Sure. I was born in London
C. Not really, you can do it
D. Certainly not. I’m from London
25. — May I see the menu, please? I’ve been waiting an hour already.
— __________________.
A. That is the menu, sir                  B. Yes, please go on
C. Here you are, sir                      D. Of course, sir
26. — I was worried about chemistry, but Mr Brown gave me an A!
— __________________.
A. Don’t worry about it    
B. Congratulations! That’s a difficult course
C. Mr Brown is very good  
D. Good luck to you!
27. — I’d like to book a flight to Shanghai, please.
— ____________________.
A. No, of course not                      B. Do you mind if I said no?
C. Yes, sir, single or return?                D. You can’t. We are busy
28. — I learned that you won the 100-meter race this morning. Congratulations!
— _________________.
A. Thank you
B. No, I can’t say I did well in the race
C. Just lucky
D. No, no. I ran slowly
29. — Can I help you, sir?
— ______________.
A. Thanks. I’m just having a look             B. I don’t mind
C. No, I’m leaving soon                     D. It’s all right
30. — Excuse me, is this seat free?
— ______________.
A. No, you can’t sit here                      B. Sorry, it is taken
C. Yes, it is seated by a boy               D. Yes, but I don’t know
Part III   Reading Comprehension  (30 points)
Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by five questions. For each question there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
Passage 1
Children in the United States are exposed to many influences other than that of their families. Television is the most significant of these influences, because the habit of watching television usually begins before children start attending school.
Parents are concerned about the lack of quality in television programs for children. The degree of violence in many of these shows also worries them. Studies indicate that, when children are exposed to violence, they may become aggressive or insecure.
Parents are also concerned about the commercials (商业广告) that their children see on television. Many parents would like to see fewer commercials during programs for children. And some parents feel that these shows should not have any commercials at all because young minds are not mature enough to deal with the claims made by advertisers.
Educational television has no commercials and has programs for children that many parents approve of. The most famous of these is Sesame Street, which tries to give preschool children a head start in learning the alphabet (字母) and numbers. It also tries to teach children useful things about the world in which they live.
Even though most parents and educators give Sesame Street and shows like it high marks for quality, some critics argue that all television, whether educational or not, is harmful to children. These critics feel that the habit of watching hours of television every day turns children into bored and passive (被动的) consumers of their world rather than encouraging them to become active explorers of it.
 
31.Which of the following statements is not based on the passage?
A.Parents are worried about the influence from television on their children.
B.Television has much influence on children.
C.Both parents and their children like watching educational television.
D.Some critics think that television is no good for children.
32.In what ways do children suffer from television?
A.They become the victims of social violence.
B.They spend hours watching television instead of doing school work.
C.The programs make the children lose interest in the world.
D.The programs make the children spend too much of their parents’ money.
33.Parents would not like their children to see commercials because ____________.
A.they think that their children are not old enough to handle advertising
B.commercials teach children alphabet and numbers
C.commercials help to sell products
D.they don’t like commercials
34.Educational television is widely appreciated because _____________.
A.it does have the same commercials as others
B.it offers programs for both children and their parents
C.many parents like the programs it offers for their children
D.children can learn some school subjects before they go to school
35.Which of the following can best serve as the title of the passage?
A.Watching Too Much Television Is Harmful to Young Minds.
B.Television Is More Harmful than Educational.
C.Television’s Influence on Children.
D.More Education Television.
 
Passage 2
Trees are useful to man in three very important ways: they provide him wood and other products they give him shade and they help to prevent drought (干旱) and floods.
Unfortunately, in many parts of the world, man has not realized that the third of these services is the most important. In his eagerness to draw quick profit from the trees, he has cut them down in large numbers.
Two thousand years ago, a rich and powerful country cut down its trees to build warships, with which to gain itself an empire. It gained the empire but, without its trees, its soil became bare and poor. When the empire fell to pieces, the country found itself faced by floods and starvation.
Even where a government realizes the importance of a plentiful supply of trees, it is difficult sometimes to make the people realize this. They cut down the trees but are too careless to plant and look after new trees. So, unless the government has a good system of control, or can educate the people, the forests slowly disappear.
This does not only mean that there will be fewer trees. The results are even more serious: for where there are trees, their roots break the soil up, allowing the rain to sink in, and also bind the soil. This prevents the soil from being washed away. But where there are no trees, the rain falls on hard ground and flows away on the surface, and this causes floods and the rain carries away the rich topsoil in which crops grow. When all the topsoil is gone, nothing remains but worthless desert.
 
36. Trees are useful to man mainly in three ways, the most important of which is that they can ____________.
A. keep him from the hot sunshine
B. enable him to build warships
C. make him draw quick profit from them
D. protect him from droughts and floods
37. It’s a great pity that ____________.
A. man is only interested in building empires
B. man is not eager to make profits from trees
C. man hasn’t realized the importance of trees to him
D. man hasn’t found out that he has lost all trees
38. Sooner or later the forests will disappear_________________________.
A. unless a country has a plenty supply of trees
B. unless people stop cutting down their trees
C. unless all people are taught the importance of planting trees
D. unless the government punishes those who cut trees instead of planting them
39. The word “bind” in Paragraph 5 means “_______________”.
A. to wash away
B. to make wet
C. to make stay together
D. to improve
40. When there is a heavy rain, trees can help to prevent floods, as they can _____________.
A. keep rain from falling down to soft ground
B. make it possible for the soil to allow rainwater to sink in
C. prevent the soil from being washed away
D. make the topsoil stick together
 
Passage 3
Do you find getting up in the morning so difficult that it’s painful? This might be called laziness, but Dr. Kleitman has a new explanation. He has proved that everyone has a daily energy cycle.
During the hours when you labor through your work, you may say that you’re “hot”. That’s true. The time of day when you feel most energetic (精力充沛) is when your cycle of body temperature is at its peak. For some people the peak comes before noon. For others it comes in the afternoon or evening. No one has discovered why this is so, but it leads to such familiar sayings as: “Get up, John! You’re late for work again!” The possible explanation to the trouble is that John is at his temperature-and-energy peak in the evening. Much family quarrelling ends when husbands and wives realize what these energy cycles mean, and which cycle each member of the family has.
You can’t change your energy cycle, but you can learn to make your life fit it better. Habit can help, Dr. Kleitman believes. If your energy is low in the morning but you have an important job to do early in the day, rise before your usual hour. This won’t change your cycle, but you’ll work better at your low point.
Get off to a slow start which saves your energy. When you get up, sit on the edge of the bed a minute before putting your feet on the floor. Avoid the troublesome search for clean clothes by laying them out the night before. Whenever possible, do routine work in the afternoon and save tasks requiring more energy or concentration for your sharper hours.
 
41. According to the new findings of Dr. Kleitman, if a person finds getting up early a problem, most probably __________________.
A. he is a lazy person
B. he refuses to follow his own energy cycle
C. he is not sure when his energy is low
D. he is at his energy peak in the afternoon or evening
42. Which of the following may lead to family quarrels according to the passage?
A. Unawareness of energy cycles.
B. Familiar saying.
C. A change in a family member’s energy cycle.
D. Attempts to control the energy cycle of other family members.
43. If one wants to work more efficiently at his low point in the morning, he should _________.
A. change his energy cycle
B. overcome his laziness
C. get up earlier than usual
D. go to bed earlier
44. You are advised to act slow when you rise in the morning because it will ____________.
A. help to keep your energy for the day’s work
B. help you to control your mood early in the day
C. enable you to concentrate on your routine work
D. keep your energy cycle under control all day
45. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A. Getting off to work with a minimum effort helps save one’s energy.
B. Dr. Kleitman explains why people reach their peak at different hours of day.
C. Habit helps one adapt to his own energy cycle.
D. Children have energy cycles, too.
 
Part IV. Vocabulary and Structure  (25 points)
 
Section A
Directions: In this section there are 15 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
46. Jean did not have time to go to the concert last night because she was busy _____ for her examination.
A. to prepare                        B. to be prepared
C. preparing                        D. being prepared
47. The computer doesn’t work well, so something ________ wrong.
A. can have gone                         B. should have gone
C. must have gone                        D.ought to have gone
48. Although Mary is satisfied with her success, she wonders ______ will happen to her private life.
A. how                B. who          C. what          D. that
49. If the whole program _______ beforehand, a great deal of time and money would have been lost.
A. was not planned                    B. were not planned
C. would not be planned                  D. had not been planned
50. Great changes _________ in our institute in the last few years.
A. have taken place                      B. has taken place   
C. took place                            D. had taken place
51. I don’t know why she avoids _______ her opinion on the subject.
A. to give               B. to be given      C. giving        D. being given
52. Her sun-tanned face suggested that she _______ in excellent health.
       A. be                 B. is               C. was          D. were
53. Ever since the Smiths moved to the suburbs a year ago, they _______ better health.
A. could have enjoyed                B. had enjoyed
C. have been enjoying                D. are enjoying
54. I________ going to the doctor, but I wish I hadn’t.
A. pick out                          B. make out
C. give off                          D. put off
55. Young children often can’t _______ between TV programs and commercials.
A. separate                          B. distinguish
C. compare                           D. contrast
56. The morning paper ______a story about demonstrations in New York and Washington D.C..
A. carried                            B. extended
C. brought                            D. took
57. How close parents are to their children_______ a strong influence on the character of the children.
       A. have           B. having          C. has             D. to have
58. _______ with the size of the whole earth, the highest mountain does not seem high at all.
       A. When compared                        B. Compare
       C. While comparing                      D. Comparing
59. I suppose by the time I come back in ten years’ time all these old houses _______ down.
       A. will have been pulled                B. will be pulling
       C. will have pulled                     D. will be pulled
60. From now on I want to keep myself_______ of how things are going on with you.
       A. to inform                           B. informing  
C. informed                            D. be informed
 
Section B 
Directions: There are 10 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the ONE answer that best completes the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
You will find that college classes are very different from high school classes. You will have more work and responsibilities without being pushed as much.  61  , you will have more freedom — freedom to choose what to study, when to study, or  62  to study. You will need to exercise maximum self-discipline (自律). This is the hardest kind of discipline because it is self-imposed (自我约束的), and you have only yourself to  63  . The decisions you make  64   your study habits will be a  65   factor in your success, or lack of success in college.
66  , you will discover that your instructors  67  the ones you have had previously. They will expect you to  68   more  68  in your study habits and time management. Remember that much of  your learning takes place outside the classroom. Your instructor will give you additional help outside of class if there is evidence that you are putting maximum effort into the course.
69   your abilities and skill mastery, you will need to manage your time effectively in order to succeed in college. A schedule  70   efficient use of time will enable you to include both work and play. When you get a job, you will soon discover that you do not work only when you wish and as you wish.
61. A. On the other hand     B. On the one hand  C. Nevertheless    D. Therefore
62. A. if             B. how           C. why           D. who
63. A. turn for       B. answer to         C. respond to    D. act as
64. A. of             B. to            C. with          D. concerning
65. A. determining    B. demanding     C. deciding       D. depending
66. A. However        B. Nevertheless      C. In addition       D. Except that
67. A. differ from    B. are similar to    C. differ in         D. are alike
68. A. take…part     B. throw…yourself  C. plunge…yourself  D. take…initiative
69. A. In spite of         B. Concerning      C. Regardless of    D. On the condition of
70. A. related to          B. carried on       C. relied on        D. based on
 
Part Ⅴ  Writing (15 points)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a letter to your friend. You should write at least 80 words, and base your letter on the Chinese outlines given bellow:
 
1.你的近况 (身体、学习及生活等)。
2.此次写信主要目的是请对方在北京帮你购买一本英汉词典。
3.邀请对方有时间时来游玩。
发布时间:2013/5/15 阅读:1208次 来源:

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